In linguistics, grammar is a set of rules that govern composition of phrases or clauses.

A dictionary is important in grammar.

Parts of SpeechEdit

Grammar has many parts of speech, including nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.


Nouns are words that identify a person, place, thing, or idea. Types of nouns include:

  • Singular
  • Plural
  • Common
  • Proper
  • Agent
  • Countable
  • Uncountable
  • Collective
  • Abstract
  • Concrete

Singular NounsEdit

Singular nouns are nouns that name one person, place, or thing.


  • book
  • apple
  • telephone
  • orange

Plural NounsEdit

Main Article: Plural Nouns: Coming Soon

Plural nouns are nouns that name two or more items. They are simply singular nouns multiplied.

Common NounsEdit

Common nouns can name any person, place, or thing. All the singular nouns listed above are common nouns because the first letter is lowercased.

Proper NounsEdit

A proper noun is a noun naming a specific item. They are always capitalized.


Verbs are words that tell what a noun does or is. The types of verbs include:

  • Action
  • Linking
  • Helping
  • Main

Action VerbsEdit

Action verbs show things something does. Please note that main verbs are action verbs that have helping verbs.

Linking VerbsEdit

Linking verbs link a verb to an adjective or noun in the predicate. For example, in the sentence "Playing chess is hard," the linking verb is is and it connects "playing" to "hard."

Helping VerbsEdit

A helping verb "helps" a verb. A helping verb completes a verb phrase, which is a main verb and a helping verb together.


An adjective describes a noun. Adjective help you paint a clear picture in your mind. Examples include:

  • Fun
  • Blue
  • Awesome
  • Stupid


Adverbs can describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.



A period ends a sentence.

Comma Edit